Biomass: history, advantages and disadvantages

Biomass is already the second most used energy source in the country.
From an energy point of view, biomass is organic matter. (animal or vegetable) that can be used to produce energy (directly or indirectly). It is an indirect source of solar energy because it converts it into chemical energy through photosynthesis - the basis of biological processes. Its renewal happens through the carbon cycle: the burning of biomass releases CO2 into the atmosphere, which is absorbed by plants in photosynthesis and results in the release of oxygen.

When did biomass come about?

Biomass has been used as a source of energy since the dawn of humanity. For a long time, wood was the main way to get energy, whether for cooking, modifying metals or for lighting environments. It turns out that economic and industrial development is intertwined with the need for the use of energy. Thus, the industrial revolution represents a major milestone of change in energy use because it brings about the exploitation of fossil fuels. However, the use of these fuels has proved problematic over time. In 1973 there is the oil crisis. Already in 2000, the increase in the price of energy sources, such as oil and natural gas, has put other forms of energy on the agenda. Currently, the environmental crisis centers the discussion on renewable energy sources and capable of preserve natural resources. This is where the use of biomass as a way of generating distributed energy gains strength because it enables the diversification of the energy matrix. However, biomass is still far below its potential in Brazil: it is estimated that it could supply almost one third of energy consumption.

Advantages and disadvantages of biomass

Opting for biomass as an energy source guarantees environmental, economic and energy advantages. Above all, it is a form sustainable, that combines the ability energy with renovation. In addition, it is found in large quantities and allows the reuse of waste generated - the emitted CO2 is absorbed by plants at the time of photosynthesis. Thus, it contributes to the stability of the carbon cycle and has low emission of polluting gases, such as sulfur (responsible for acid rain and increased global warming). Using biomass still presents a reduced cost compared to the use of fossil fuels and generates employment of labor for the energy producing site. On the other hand, the choice may present some disadvantages such as the high cost of the necessary equipment, difficulty in storing and transporting solid biomass, in addition to environmental impacts in forests.

Potencial Florestal

However, the Potencial Florestal can help with these challenges. First, because the company values ​​sustainability in its actions, following ABNT (Brazilian Association of Technical Standards) standards, so as not to endanger forests. At the same time, the entire process - from planting, harvesting, processing and delivery or supply - is carried out by the company's specialized professionals. This means that there will be no investment in equipment, nor concern with the transport and storage of biomass, which is in charge of logistics. Thus, it is simpler to invest in this constantly growing market. Be a partner!